Work of function keys on keyboard.

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Hello friends, Almost all of you uses the laptops or pc. On your laptop/pc’s keyboard there are some specials keys were placed on the top of the keyboards. Those special keys are called Function keys or F keys or Fn keys. These function keys can do many different tasks with the combination of Alt and Ctrl key.

Today i am gonna tell you the various uses of those functions keys. Normally, most of the keyboards contains F1 to F12 keys. But some companies like IBM had provided upto F24 keys on their keyboards.

Some keyboards’ F1-F12 keys include additional functionality when used in combination with the Fn key, which is usually located near Ctrl. For example, if the F11 key has a blue “Stop” sign under it, pressing Fn + F11 will stop the music you’re listening too. The additional functions available with the use of the Fn key will differ depending on the brand of keyboard being used. Please check your computer’s documentation or manufacturer’s website for specific details on which features are available on your keyboard.

Use of function keys

Work of Function Keys

F1 Key

  • F1 key is universally linked to Help in almost every program, may it be Chrome or Microsoft Word.
  • Windows key + F1 opens the Microsoft Windows help and support center.
  • Shift + F1 reveals formatting in MS Word.
  • Ctrl+F1 opens Task Pane in MS Office.

F2 Key

  • In Windows renames a highlighted iconfile, or folder in all versions of Windows.
  • Ctrl+F2 opens the print preview in MS Word.
  • Alt+Ctrl+F2 opens document library in MS Office.
  • Fn+F2 mutes the volume of your PC.
  • In Microsoft Excel edits the current active cell.
  • When clicked during Boot Process, F2 key takes you to the BIOS setup of your PC.

F3 Key

  • F3 often activates search function in different applications including the leading browsers like Google Chrome, Firefox and Microsoft Edge.
  • In MS-DOS or Windows command line F3 will repeat the last command.
  • Click Shift + F3 to change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case
  • Shift +F3 opens the search in Google Chrome.
  • Windows Key + F3 opens the Advanced find window in Microsoft Outlook.
  • Fn+F3 to decrease volume in some laptops.
  • Open Mission Control on an Apple computer running macOS X.

F4 Key

  • Alt+F4 closes the program window currently active in Microsoft Windows.
  • Ctrl+F4 closes a part of the running program such as a tab or a document.
  • Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+).
  • Open find window in Windows 95 to XP.
  • F4 opens a fullscreen window in some applications like Space Cadet and 3D Pinball.
  • Open the address bar in Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer.

F5 Key

  • F5 Key is often used to refresh a web page.
  • Ctrl+F5 forces a complete refresh of the web page, clearing the cache and downloading all contents of the page again
  • Refresh the list of contents in a folder.
  • Fn+F5 decreases brightness on your monitor on some laptops.
  • Starts a slideshow in PowerPoint.
  • Click F5 to open Find & Replace window in MS Word.

F6 Key

  • This key takes you to the address bar in some browsers like Google Chrome, Firefox, Microsoft Edge and many other popular browsers.
  • Ctrl+Shift+F6 opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
  • Fn+F6 increases the brightness of your monitor on some laptops.

F7 Key

  • F7 opens spelling and grammar checker in MS Word.
  • Shift+F7 runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted.
  • Fn+F7 opens second screen options in some laptops and opens display scheme in some laptops.
  • Turns on Caret browsing in Mozilla Firefox.

F8 Key

  • Function key used to enter the Windows startup menu, commonly used to access Windows Safe Mode.
  • Takes you to Windows Recovery system at times.
  • Displays a thumbnail image for all workspaces in macOS.

F9 Key

  • If you are using MS Word, F9 key will update your document.
  • Click F9 to send or receive email in Microsoft Outlook.
  • Opens the Measurements toolbar in Quark 5.0.
  • With macOS 10.3 or later, displays a thumbnail for each window in a single workspace.
  • Using the Fn key and F9 at the same time opens Mission Control on an Apple computer running macOS X.

F10 Key

  • F10 Key opens Menu Bar in the open application.
  • Shift+F10 is the same as right-clicking on a highlighted icon, file, or Internet link.
  • Access the hidden recovery partition on Compaq, HP, and Sony computers.
  • With macOS 10.3 or later, shows all open Windows for the active program.

F11 Key

  • Enters and exits Full-Screen Mode in almost every popular browser including Chrome, Firefox and Microsoft Edge.
  • CTRL+F11 opens the hidden recovery options in some Windows laptops.
  • Alt+F11 opens the Visual Basic Editor.
  • Access the hidden recovery partition on eMachines, Gateway, and Lenovo computers.
  • With macOS 10.4 or later, hides all open windows and shows the Desktop.

F12 Key

  • If you are working on MS Word, click F12 to open Save As window.
  • Ctrl+F12 opens a document In Word.
  • Win+F12 saves your document in MS Word.
  • Opens Inspect Element in popular web browsers.
  • Preview a page in Microsoft Expression Web.
  • Ctrl+Shift+F12 prints a document in Microsoft Word.
  • With an Apple running macOS 10.4 or later, F12 shows or hides the Dashboard.

F13 – F15 Keys

  • On newer Apple keyboards the F13, F14, and F15 may be shown in place of the Print Screen keyScroll lock key, and Pause key.

F16 – F19 Keys

  • On newer Apple keyboards the F16, F17, F18, and F19 keys are above the number pad.

F13 – F24 Keys

  • Early IBM computers also had keyboards with F13 through F24 keys. However, because these keyboards are no longer used, they are not listed on this page.

Some of these features are available only on some selected laptops. Usually, these options features of Function Keys have default actions or icons printed on them.


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